George Gordon Meade was a distinguished Pennsylvania Union general who was best known for defeating General Lee's Confederate Army at the Gettysburg battle. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and although an engineer, George Meade fought with distinction in the Seminole War in Florida and Mexican War.
At outbreak of the Civil War, he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers and commanded 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reserves. He then replaced Joseph Hooker as commander of the Army of the Potomac and led it to victory at the pivotal Battle of Gettysburg for which he received promotion to brigadier general of volunteers.
Major General George G. Meade (center with one foot on the steps) and staff outside the Wallach House in the vicinity of Culpeper, Virginia, sometime in 1863.
Headquarters of General George G. Meade, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1863. The photograph was taken after the battle. Note the destruction of the stone wall and dead horses in the road on the right and near the tree on the left.
Though overshadowed by General Grant as general-in-chief, General Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac through the Overland Campaign, Richmond-Petersburg Campaign, and the Appomattox Campaign.
Major General George G. Meade standing in front of his tent, June 1864
Money had not been printed since the Revolutionary War, so the Civil War provided impetus for new currency. Metal was scarce, so printed currency was common. Money was needed by both sides, and each printed their own. Counterfeit currency helped to inflate the Southern currency, which became valueless over the course of the war. The above one-thousand-dollar Treasury Note, also called Coin notes, was issued in 1890 featuring General Meade's portrait. It was one of the largest denominations printed. Now only several of these notes exist, being held by private collectors and in the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Museum. This note was sold at auction for $2,255,000.
Following the Civil War, General Meade resided in Philadelphia until his death in 1885.
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